Mysterious mammal found after years in isolated Indonesian mountains.

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    Nov 11, 2023

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Scientists rediscover a unique mammal in Indonesia's Cyclops Mountains, resembling a hedgehog's spines, anteater's snout, and mole's feet.


During a four-week expedition led by Oxford University scientists, the elusive Attenborough's long-beaked echidna, which owes its name to renowned British naturalist David Attenborough, was finally captured on camera by a trail camera on the expedition's final day.

Biologist James Kempton came across images of a small creature navigating through the undergrowth of the forest on the final memory card he retrieved from over 80 remote cameras, once he had descended from the mountains at the conclusion of his expedition.

He expressed a profound feeling of euphoria and immense relief as he had dedicated a significant amount of time in the field without any fruitful outcomes until the very last day. Describing the moment he viewed the footage alongside his partners from Indonesian conservation organization YAPPENDA, he conveyed a sense of joy and gratification.

Excitedly, I called out to my remaining colleagues, exclaiming, "We've found it! We've found it!" With a burst of energy, I hurriedly rushed from my desk to the living room where my teammates were, embracing them in a heartfelt hug.

Echidnas derive their name from a fascinating Greek mythological creature known as a half-woman, half-serpent. These unique creatures have been accurately characterized by experts as timid, nocturnal beings that reside primarily in burrows, adding to their elusiveness and reputation for being exceptionally challenging to locate.

According to Kempton, the distinct appearance of this creature can be attributed to its classification as a monotreme. Monotremes, which diverged from the rest of the mammal family approximately 200 million years ago, are known for their ability to lay eggs.

In 1961, a Dutch botanist became the first to scientifically document the species, which had never been recorded before. It is worth noting that a distinct echidna species can be found across various regions in Australia as well as lowland New Guinea.

During their expedition, Kempton's team encountered multiple challenges including an earthquake, malaria, and even a leech latching onto an eyeball. Undeterred by these obstacles, they collaborated with the local village Yongsu Sapari to successfully navigate and explore the secluded landscapes of northeastern Papua.

According to elders cited by the university, the echidna holds a significant place in the local culture. One interesting tradition involves resolving conflicts by sending one party into the forest to find the mammal, while the other is tasked with searching for a marlin in the ocean.

Locating both creatures was such a tremendous challenge that it often required decades or even an entire generation. However, once they were finally discovered, these remarkable beings became a powerful symbol of resolution and the restoration of harmonious relations.

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